Periodontal disease is a non-reversible condition, but can be arrested in its current state and with proper care and treatment improved upon. Surgery is often performed when there is a need to prevent tooth loss, reduce gaps around teeth, or a bacterial infection arises. When a patient suffers from a periodontal disease the infection and inflammation begin to separate the gums from the teeth. This will create pockets between the gum and tooth which trap bacteria causing a cycle of damage to your mouth. This will result in tooth loss and bone damage. In all cases the best preventative measures a can patent take is regular dental cleanings and proper home care routine.